The Unsinkable Ship and Halifax
by Alan Ruffman
This exhaustively researched book on Halifax and Titanic contains the most authoritative examination of the tragic final chapter in the Titanic story and acts as a guidebook to the Maritime Musem's exhibit: Titanic: The Unsinkable Ship and Halifax. The book's sources offer a valuable resource for Titanic researchers. Alan Ruffman's detailed bibliography, presented here, offers an unmatched listing of Canadian sources about Titanic and his photograph and artifact credits provide some of the most detailed Titanic photographic leads to be found anywhere. The book is now in its fourth printing and has sold over 19,000 copies worldwide.
References and expanded photograph and artefact credits compiled by:
Alan Ruffman, Author
Geomarine Associates Ltd.
Post Office Box 41, Station M
Halifax, Nova Scotia
Canada B3J 2L4
phone (902) 477-5415
Bibliography of documents, books and articles consulted
George Wright's Worthy Example. He Was Intended for a Halifax Business Man, But Went Abroad and Made a Fortune, While Still a Young Man. The Evening Mail, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Monday, December 27, Vol. XIX, No. 308, Part Two, p. 9, cols. 1-6; p. 10, col. 4 (conclusion).
The Story in Detail Of The Mackay-Bennett's Search For Bodies of Titanic Victims [unknown diarist's account]. The Evening Mail, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Vol. 33, No. 95, p. 6, cols. 1-2 (headline), cols. 1-2 (account).
Bäbler, Günter. 1998.
Reise auf der Titanic, Das Schickal der Schweizer. Chronos Verlag, Zürich, Switzerland, 184 pp.
Ballard, Robert D. with Rick Archbold. 1987.
The Discovery of the Titanic. Madison Press Books, Viking-Penguin Books Canada Limited, Toronto, Ontario, 230 pp.
Bisset, Sir James. 1959.
I watched the Titanic rescue. MacLean's Magazine, Toronto, Ontario, Vol. 72, No. 24, November 21, pp. 30-31, 36, 38, 40 and 42.
Brigham, R.J. and Y.A. Lefrenière. 1992.
Titanic Specimens/Enchantillons. Metals Technology Laboratories, CANMET, Canada Department of Energy, Mines and Resources, Ottawa, Ontario, Technical Report 92-32(TR), 14 pp.
Brinnin, John Malcolm. 1971.
The Sway of the Grand Saloon, A Social History of the North Atlantic. Author's Preface, pp. xi-xiv; Apogee 1890-1919, Section VI, pp. 362-365; Section VII, pp. 366-383; Section VIII, pp. 384-387, Delacorte Press, A Seymour Lawrence Book, New York City, New York, 599 pp.
Brown, Richard. 1983.
Voyage of the Iceberg: The Story of the Iceberg that Sank the Titanic. James Lorimer & Company, Publishers, Toronto, Ontario, 152 pp.
Crease, Clifford Henry. 1912.
[Diary April 17-30]. Public Archives of Nova Scotia, manuscript, MG1, Vol. 2,605, No. 4, in the Wilcox Papers, 12 pp. of text and totals of hours worked, unpaged.
Douglas, G.R. 1991 and 1992.
Report of the Advisory Committee on Names for Undersea Features [January 8-9, 1991 meeting]. Canoma, Vol. 17, No. 2, December, Cover and pp. 40-46; [April 28, 1992 meeting]. Canoma, Vol. 18, No. 2, December, pp. 17-20.
Dyke, Francis. 1912.
My darling Mother ... [Manuscript letter written on board the cable ship Minia]. Dartmouth Heritage Museum, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, uncatalogued and unindexed, April 27, 2 pp., unpaged;; transcript, The Titanic Commutator, Titanic Historical Society, Vol. 7, No. 1, Spring, pp. 27-28.
Eaton, John P. and Charles Haas. 1983.
Footsteps in Halifax, Footnotes to History. The Titanic Commutator, Titanic Historical Society, Inc., Special Edition, Vol. 7, No. 1, Spring, 56 pp., plus insert colour photograph of a painting of MINIA by A.J. Barett, 1909.
Eaton, John P. and Charles A. Haas. 1986.
Titanic, Triumph and Tragedy. W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., New York and London, 319 pp.
Fennell, Irene and Alan Ruffman. 1998.
Report of a Search for Data on the Installation of the TITANIC Gravestones in the City Cemeteries of Halifax, Nova Scotia. Geomarine Associates Ltd., Halifax, Nova Scotia, Project 87-11, report prepared for Halifax Regional Municipality, Parks and Natural Services, Halifax, Nova Scotia, July 31, 87 pp.
Findlay, Michael A. and Brian R. Meister, with the assistance of John P. Eaton, Peter Enberg[-Klarström], Linda Erni, Charles A. Haas, Brian Ticehurst, Arnold and Elizabeth Watson and Claes-Göran Wetterholm.
TITANIC, A Guide to the Halifax Cemeteries. Titanic International, Inc., [September 23], 7 pp., unpaged.
Garrett, Louis [via his unnamed nephew]. 1981.
"I Survived the Sinking of the Titanic". Awake! Vol. 62, No. 20, October 22, cover, pp. 3-8.
Gray, George W. 1925.
The Bottom of the Ocean Is "Main Street" to Him, Captain W.G.S. deCarteret, veteran skipper in the transatlantic cable service, has made more than 400 repairs on the lines that join Europe and America - He tells the romance of laying cables and the strenuous jobs of mending them - Adventures of men engaged in this unusual work. The American Magazine, Vol. XCIX, No. 1, January, pp. -49, 130-132.
Hamilton, Frederic Adam. 1912.
Diary of the late Frederic Adam Hamilton ... Recording The account of the Voyage of The S.S. "Mackay Bennett". National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, England, Manuscript NMM MS 68/021.
Harding, Doris. 1993.
The Wright House, 1. Meeting Place of the Local Council of Women Prior to the Wright House [and Discussion, New Quarters]; 2. [Mr. George Wright's Bequest to the Local Council of Women and the] Process involved in the transfer of the House [from the Local Council of Women Records in the Nova Scotia Archives MG 20, Volume 535, Nos 5&6]. Handwritten manuscript, 10 pp., unpaged.
Harding, Doris, Jean Guildford, Betty Kimber and Lois MacDonald. 1995.
The Local Council of Women Halifax, The First 100 Years 1894-1994. The Women's Council House Halifax circa 1914, photograph, p. iii; chapter 2. The Women's Council House, p. iv; chapter 5. 1900-1912, p. 19; chapter 6. Women's Council House 1912-1913, pp. 20-23, Oxford Street Press, Halifax, Nova Scotia, 98 pp.
Hardy, Thomas. 1912.
The Convergence of the Twain. Souvenir Programme for 'Dramatic and Operatic matinée in Aid of the "Titanic" disaster Fund', Covent Garden, London, England, May 14; Fortnightly Review, June 1.
Higginson, Harold Winard. 1966.
Strange Journey. Typed manuscript account of voyage on Mackay-Bennett, in author's collection, July 28, 7 pp.
Hoffman, William and Jack Grimm. 1982.
Beyond Reach, The Search for the Titanic. Beaufort Books Inc., New York City, New York, 206 pp.
Hunston, Dorothy M. 1998.
The Hunston TITANIC Log, "The Titanic Disaster as Viewed from Cape Race by Wireless, April 14, 1912."The Titanic Commutator, Titanic Historical Society, Inc., Vol. 22, No. 2, August - October, pp. 28-29.
Hustak, Alan. 1998.
TITANIC: The Canadian Story. Véhicule Press, Montréal, Québec, 172 pp.
Hyslop, Donald, Alastair Forsyth and Sheila Jemima. 1994.
Titanic Voices, Memories From the Fateful Voyage. First Edition, Southampton City Council, Southampton, England; Second Edition 1997, Sutton Publishing Limited, Stroud, Gloucestershire, England, 296 pp.
Iversen, Kristen; forward, Muffet Brown. 1999.
Molly Brown: Unraveling the Myth, The true life story of the Titanic's most famous survivor. Johnson Books, Johnson Publishing Company, Boulder, Colorado, 294 pp.
Lord, Walter. 1955.
A Night to Remember. Henry Holt and Company, New York City, New York, 209 pp.
Lynch, Don and Ken Marschall. 1992.
Titanic: An Illustrated History. A Viking Studio/Madison Press Book, Toronto, Ontario, 227 pp.
MacInnis, Joseph [B.] 1992.
Titanic In a New Light. Thomasson-Grant, Inc., Charlottesville, Virginia, 96 pp.
Mann, Henrietta and William S. Wells. 1997.
A closeup look at Titanic's 'rusticles'.Voyage, Titanic International Society, Inc., No. 25, pp. 47-48.
McGinity, Janet. 1985.
Victims Of Titanic: Undertaker [Thad Stevens of Hampton, New Brunswick] Remembers the Faces.The Evening Times-Globe, Saint John, New Brunswick, Vol. 144, No. 177, Thursday, September 12, p. 21, cols. 1-3 (middle); p. 22, col. 6 (top).
McMillan, Beverley and Stanley Lehrer. 1998.
Titanic fortune & fate, Letters, Momentos, and Personal Effects from Those Who Sailed on the Lost Ship. The Mariners' Museum, Newport News, Virginia, Simon & Shuster, New York City, New York, 192 pp.
Mosher, Dr. Byard William (Will). 1912.
[Letter to his sister Agnes]. Manuscript in granddaughter's possession, Calgary, Alberta, May 13, 4 pp., unpaged.
Murphy, Gavin. 1986.
Halifax and The Titanic Disaster.The Atlantic Advocate, Vol. 76, No. 12, August, pp. 22-24.
Murphy, Gavin. 1992.
Titanic Disaster Claims Canadian Railway Legend Charles Melville Hays. Manuscript presented at Titanic Historical Society, Inc., Annual Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, April, 14 pp.
Murphy, Gavin. 1992.
Chateau's Grand Opening Cancelled 80 Years Ago Due to Titanic Disaster.New Edinburgh News, Ottawa, Ontario, June, pp. 18-19.
Murphy, Gavin. 1993.
Halifax and the Titanic Disaster.The Farmer's Almanac, pp. 16-19.
O'Donnell, E.E. 1997.
The Last Days of the Titanic, photographs and mementos of the tragic maiden voyage. Wolfhound Press, Dublin, Ireland and Roberts Rinehart Publishers, Niwot, Colorado, 120 pp.
Padfield, Peter. 1965.
The Titanic and the Californian. Hodder and Stroughton, London, England, 318 pp.
PCJ [Captain Peter Crerar Johnson]. 1913.
[Letter to: Secretary of the [U.S.] Navy, Washington, D.C.] Manuscript, Maritime Museum of the Atlantic, Halifax, Nova Scotia, M86.57.1, February 15, 2 pp. and photograph MP18.109.1.
Pellegrino, Charles and Roy Cullimore. 1997.
The rebirth of RMS Titanic, A study of the bioarchaeology of a physically disrupted sunken vessel.Voyage, Titanic International Society, Inc., No. 25, pp. 39-46.
Pratt, E.J. 1935.
The Titanic. The MacMillan Company of Canada Ltd., Toronto, Ontario, 42 pp.
Prince, Rev. Samuel Henry.
The Mission of the Montmagny [onboard diary kept during voyage of the Montmagny]. Typed transcript, two maps, letters and sermon held in the author's collection, 27 pp., unpaged.
Public Archives of Nova Scotia. 1912.
Coroner's and Medical Reports. Record Group 41, Series C, Halifax County Inquest Case Files, Volumes 75, 76 and 76A, Microfilm reels 16,595 and 16,596.
Ruffman, Alan. 1993.
Shipwrecked 'Maggie' visits Halifax. in Canadian Connections, Voyage, Titanic International Society, Inc., No. 13, Autumn-Winter 1992, pp. 11-12.
Ruffman, Alan. 1993.
Eighty Years After: RMS TITANIC Remains a Subject of Controversy and Interest. Argonauta, The Newsletter of the Canadian Nautical Research Society, Vol. X, No. 1, January, pp. 15-16.
Ruffman, Alan. 1994.
Canadians, not French tested Titanic steel, A look back to Voyage 16 and Garzke's article on steel failure.Voyage, Titanic International Society, Inc., No. 17, Summer, p. 21; errata in 'Members' bulletin board', Voyage, Titanic International Society, Inc., No. 19, Winter 1995, inside back cover.
Ruffman, Alan. 1996.
Halifax and the Titanic Victims.Atlantic Daily Bulletin, Journal of the British Titanic Society, No. 4, p. 8, col. 1.
Ruffman, Alan. 1998.
Icebergs as slippery as ice cubes in a drink.The Toronto Star, Toronto, Ontario, Sunday, February 22, p. F6.
Ruffman, Alan. 1998.
Recovery of Titanic bodies quickly began. The Mail-Star, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Vol. 50, No. 73, Friday, March 27, p. D2, cols. 1-4 (bottom); also, Sailing straight, corrections in a Letter to the Editor, The Mail-Star, Vol. 50, No. 77, Wednesday, April 1, p. C2, col. 5 (bottom).
Ruffman, Alan. 1998.
Nova Scotia Connections; Nova Scotia serves as a focal point for the new 'history' of the Titanic legacy.The Bluenose Tribune, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Vol. 2, No. 8, May/June, p. 4, cols. 4-5 (bottom).
Ruffman, Alan. 1998.
Handling TITANIC's Victims; A Grim Precursor to the 1917 Halifax Explosion.The Bluenose Tribune, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Vol. 2, No. 8, May/June, p. 4, cols. 1-3 (top).
Ruffman, Alan. 1999.
Taking an Iceberg on the Nose. in Lynne Gaetz, Editor, Brass Ring 2: English for Career-Related Communication. Prentice Hall Allyn and Bacon Canada, Scarborough, Ontario, 275 total pages, Chapter 8, How To Do It, Reading 8.1, pp. 116-121.
Ruffman, Alan. 1999.
TITANIC Graveyards Refurbished in Halifax, Nova Scotia.The Wireless: The Voice of the Canadian Titanic Society, Vol. 3, March, pp. 15-21; also Atlantic Daily Bulletin, Journal of The British Titanic Society, No. 2, 1999, pp. 21-22, cols. 1-2, same text but fewer photographs.
Ruffman, A., I. Townsend Gault and D. VanderZwaag. 1988.
Legal Jurisdiction Over the Titanic.Lighthouse, Canadian Hydrographic Association, Ottawa, Ontario, Edition No. 37, Spring, pp. 23-39.
Saalfeld, Adolphe. 1912.
[Letters and wireless message to his wife]. Manuscript and copies in family's possession, Toronto, Ontario.
Savoye, Bruno, Pierre Cochonat and David J.W. Piper. 1990.
Seismic Evidence for a Complex Slide Near the Wreck of the Titanic: Model of an Instability Corridor for Non-channelled Gravity Events. Marine Geology, Vol. 91, pp. 281-298.
Sebak, Per Kristian. 1998.
Titanic, 31 Norwegian Destinies. Genesis Forlag, Oslo, Norway, First Edition (in Norwegian; Titanic - 31 norske skjebner), February; English edition, August, 190 pp.
Shutlak, Garry D. 1996.
The Wright House, 989 Young Avenue, Halifax. The Griffin, A Publication of the Heritage Trust of Nova Scotia, City Rambles column, Vol. 21, No. 2, June, p. 8.
Shutlak, Garry D. 1996.
The Hattie-Slayter Home, 1706 Argyle Street, Halifax.The Griffin, A Publication of the Heritage Trust of Nova Scotia, City Rambles column, Vol. 21, No. 3, September, p. 3.
Stoddart, Alex. McD. 1912.
Telling the Tale of the "Titanic".The Independent, Vol. LXXII, No. 3,309, Pt. 2, May 2, pp. 945-953.
Stoffyn-Egli, Patricia and Dale E. Buckley. 1992.
The Titanic 80 Years Later: Initial Observations on the Microstructure and Biogeochemistry of Corrosion Products. in G.W. Bailey, J. Bentley and J.A. Small, Editors, Proceedings 50th Annual Meeting of the Electron Microscopy Society of America, held jointly with the 27th Annual Meeting of the Microbeam Analysis Society and the 19th Annual Meeting of the Microscopical Society of Canada/Société de Microscopie du Canada, Boston, Massachusetts, August, San Francisco Press, Inc., San Francisco, California, pp. 1330-1331; also coloured wall poster, Atlantic Geoscience Centre, Bedford Institute of Oceanography, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia.
Stoffyn-Egli, Patricia and Dale E. Buckley. 1993.
The Titanic: From Metals to Minerals.Canadian Chemical News/l'Actualité Chimique Canadienne, Vol. 45, No. 9, October, front cover, pp. 26-28.
Stoffyn-Egli, Patricia and Dale Buckley. 1994.
What is Happening to the Titanic?EM Views, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, Issue No. 9, [June], pp. 12-13.
Stoffyn-Egli, Patricia and Dale E. Buckley. 1995.
The micro-world of the Titanic. Chemistry in Britain, Royal Society of Chemistry, London, England, Vol. 31, No. 7, July, pp. 551-553.
Stoffyn-Egli, Patricia and Dale E. Buckley. 1998.
The Imprint of Microbiological Activity in Corrosion Products from the TITANIC Wreck and from Brass Artifacts Retrieved from the Sea Floor [Abstract]. Eighth International Symposium on Microbial Ecology (ISME-8), August 9-14, Halifax, Nova Scotia, New Frontiers, Program and Abstracts, p. 314; also coloured wall poster, Geological Survey of Canada-Atlantic, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Open File.
Stoffyn-Egli, Patricia, Dale E. Buckley and Jason A.C. Clyburne. 1998.
Corrosion of brass in a marine environment: mineral products and their relationship to variable oxidation and reduction conditions.Applied Geochemistry, Vol. 13, No. 5, pp. 643-650.
Sweeney, E.M. (Suzie). 1999.
Samson, The Titanic's Mystery Ship ‹ The Yarmouth Connection. Yarmouth County Historical Society, Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, 63 pp.
Temisevä;, Matti. 1998.
TITANIC, Uintikunto pelasti Einarin, 43 suomalaista hukkui. Vapaa Sana, Toronto, Ontario, Thursday, April 23, No. 17, p. 10, cols. 4-5; p. 11, cols. 1-2, including Titanicilla mutkustaneet suomalaiset (list of Finns onboard TITANIC), p. 11, cols. 4-5.
Toiviainen, Lauri. 1998.
TITANIC, Huikea filmi. Vapaa Sana, Toronto, Ontario, Thursday, April 23, No. 17, p. 10, cols. 1-4.
Toiviainen, Lauri. 1998.
TITANIC, Titanicinuhreja poimittiin Halifaxiin.Vapaa Sana, Toronto, Ontario, Thursday, April 23, No. 17, p. 11, col. 3.
Tyler, Sidney F. 1981.
A Rainbow of Time and of Space, Orphans of the Titanic. AZTEX Corporation, Tucson, Arizona, 94 pp.
Uchupi, Elazar, Maureen T. Muck and Robert D. Ballard. 1988.
The geology of the Titanic site and vicinity. Deep-Sea Research, Vol. 35, No.7, pp. 1093-1110.
U.S. Senate Committee on Commerce. 1912.
"Titanic" Disaster, Report of the Committee on Commerce, United States Senate pursuant to S. Res. 283 directing the Committee to investigate the causes leading to the wreck of the White Star Liner "TITANIC". Reprinted by 7 C's Press, Inc., Riverside, Connecticut, 92 pp.
Watson, Arnold. 1973.
The Titanic-Halifax Story.The Titanic Commutator, Titanic Enthusiasts of America, [Vol. 1], No. 39, June, pp. -;; The MONTMAGNY.The Titanic Commutator, Titanic Historical Society, Inc., Vol. 2, No. 4, December, p. .
Watson, Arnold and Betty Watson. 1984.
Roster of Valor, The Titanic Halifax Legacy. 7 C's Press, Inc., Riverside, Connecticut, Titanic Historical Society, Inc., 97 pp.
West, Jerry. 1996.
Death of philanthropist on Titanic left legacy to Southend Halifax.Southender Magazine, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Vol. 15, No. 9, September, pp. 8-9.
Wethey, Harry D.W. 1994.
The Last Lifeboat - Myths and Mysteries of the Titanic. presentation to The Ottawa Book Collectors, November 6, 1989, in Miscellany 2 Further Papers on Books and Book Collecting, The Ottawa Book Collectors, Ottawa, Ontario, pp. 22-41.
Wetterholm, Claes-Göran. 1988.
TITANIC. First Edition, Batdokumentationsgruppen HB, Skårham, Sweden (in Swedish), 296 pp.; Second Edition, 1996, Bokförlaget Rabén Prisma, Stockholm, 320 pp.
White, Jay. 1999.
"God's Ark": Subscription Book Publishing and the Titanic. Acadiensis, Vol. XXVIII, No. 2, Spring/Printemps, Research Note, pp 93-118.
[White Star Line]. 1912.
Record of Bodies and Effects (Passengers and Crew S.S. "TITANIC") Recovered by Cable Steamer "Mackay-Bennett" Including bodies buried at Sea and bodies delivered at Morgue in Halifax. Public Archives of Nova Scotia, MG 100, Vol. 229, #3d (Accession 1976-191), 76 pp., unpaged, annotated in red ink with burial data and with two extra pages added for the Minia and the Montmagny; Disposition of Bodies ex Titanic Recovered up to May 13, 1912. Public Archives of Nova Scotia, Library Call No. VK T53 D63, 23 pp., unpaged.
Whiteacre, Christine. 1984.
Molly Brown, Denver's Unsinkable Lady. Historic Denver, Inc., Denver, Colorado,85 pp.
Williams, James H. 1912.
Man the Life-Boat!The Independent, Vol. LXXII, No. 3,309, Pt. 2, May 2, pp. -944.
Wiseman, Arminias. circa 1958; printed 1996.
Mackay-Bennett's Retrieval of Titanic's Dead.The Titanic Commutator, Titanic Historical Society, Inc., Vol. 20, No. 2, August-October, pp. 18-19.
Wreck Commissioner's Court; Lord Mersey et al. 1912.
Loss of the Steamship "Titanic", Report of a Formal Investigation into the Circumstances Attending the Foundering on April 15, 1912, of the British Steamship "Titanic", of Liverpool, after Striking Ice in or near Latitude 41 46'N., Longitude 50 14'W., North Atlantic Ocean, As Conducted by the British Government. Reprinted 1975 by 7 C's Press, Inc., Riverside, Connecticut, 93 pp.; Formal Investigation into the Loss of the S.S. "TITANIC", Evidence, Appendices and Index. 10 parts, reprinted 1998 by the Public Record Office, London, England, 972 pp.
Wright, George. 1912.
Will of George Wright of Halifax, N.S., Bachelor. Registry of Deeds, Halifax, Nova Scotia, February 5, 1913, Book 428, pp. 270-274; typed transcript found at Public Archives of Nova Scotia, Manuscript Group 100, Volume 250, No. 8a, 4 pp.
Photograph and Artefact Credits
compiled by Alan Ruffman, Author for TITANIC REMEMBERED:
The Unsinkable Ship and Halifax
Key to Abbreviations:
T = Top
C = Centre
B = Bottom
L = Left
R = Right
MMA = Maritime Museum of the Atlantic, Halifax, Nova Scotia,
LRT = Learning Resources and Technology, Nova Scotia Department of Education, Halifax, Nova Scotia
PANS = N.S. Archives and Records Management, Public Archives of Nova Scotia Division, Halifax, Nova Scotia,
UFTM = Ulster Folk and Transport Museum, Belfast, Northern Ireland,
GSC-A = Geological Survey of Canada-Atlantic, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia,
SHP = Rev. Samuel Henry Prince Collection of the author.
Photograph Credits Maritime Museum of the Atlantic
cover(BL), M1998.6.1A, LRT, N-24,154;
p 1, poster, M1998.14.1, LRT, N-24,125;
p 5, Jamie Steeves, slide collection;
p 14(B), LRT, slide collection;
p 15(B), Derek Harrison, slide collection;
p 16(B), Jamie Steeves, slide collection;
p 22(T), MP400.311.1, N-19,459;
p 22(B), slide collection;
p 23, M1998.6.1A & B, LRT, N-24,154 & 24,155;
p 28(TL), slide collection;
p 28(C), Derek Harrison, slide collection;
p 29(T), MP18.109.13, N-24,132;
p 31, MP29.3.2, N-9,356;
p 34(TL), Derek Harrison, slide collection;
p 34(TR), M82.21.2, LRT, N-24,445;
p 49(BL), Derek Harrison, slide collection;
p 69, Kathy Kaulbach MMA Map, revised and corrected by Formac Publishing;
back cover(LR), Jamie Steeves, slide collection
Photograph Credits Alan Ruffman
p 2, SHP;
p 9(BR), Courtesy of Brian Ticehurst, Southampton, England;
p 10, Courtesy of Anita N. Bailey (née Edwards) and Jane E. Bailey, Halifax;; published for Halifax Posters in circa 1922;
p 17(L), SHP;
p 18(L), 71 m-high iceberg No. 31, Atlantic Air Survey Flight No. 1, April 20, 1982;
p 18(T), Courtesy of The Mail-Star, Halifax, July 11, 1974;
p 19, Baffin 78-025;
p 24, Courtesy of Ed Kamuda, Titanic Historical Society, Inc., Indian Orchard, Massachusetts;
p 25, The Boston Daily Globe, Evening Edition, April 15, 1912, p 1;
p 26, Harold Winard Higginson Collection;
p 27, SHP;
p 30, Harold Winard Higginson Collection;
p 36, SHP;
p 37, Canada Dept. of Transport, Negative No. NL 18,450 from 43rd Annual Report, Dept. of Marine and Fisheries, 1910, C.G. Ste Montmagny = Canadian Government Steamship or Steam Triple Expansion;
p 38(T), SHP;
p 38(LR), SHP;
p 39(T), SHP;
p 39(B), National Archives of Canada, PA-77,747, John Maunder Collection, Holloway Studio, St. John's, Newfoundland;
p 40, SHP; also found at PANS as N-332 with slightly different cropping, not by William J. Parker, the carpenter onboard Minia, as suggested in the PANS annotation, but probably by one of the ship's officers. Taken from Minia, not from Mackay-Bennett as cited in Eaton and Haas (1983);
p 42, SHP;
p 46, Harper's Weekly, Vol. LVI, No. 2890, May 11, 1912, p 8(CL);
p 47(T&B), single collage, SHP;
p 48(T), period postcard, Novelty Mfg. & Art Co., Limited, Montréal, Québec;
p 57 (B);
p 58, A Rainbow of Time and of Space, Orphans of the Titanic, by Sidney F. Tyler, p ;
p 61, Helen Tobin Scrapbook, Courtesy of Scott and Lisa Vollrath Collection, Helen is behind the wheel, her sister Florence Harper (née Tobin), centre; Molly Brown, left, with the Titanic gravestones in the southwest corner of the Fairview Lawn Cemetery in the near distance behind;
p 67(C), Courtesy of The Daily News, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, September 3, 1995, p 1, Sandor Fizli;
p 70, The Independent, Vol. LXXII, No. 3309, Pt. 2, May 2, 1912, p 944(C);
Photograph Credits Julian Beveridge
p 56(T-3 photos);
p 57(T-4 photos);
Photograph Credits Other Sources
p 64, GSC-A, Edward B. MacDormand, artist, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia;
p 65(C), GSC-A, Lara Aumento;
p 66(L), GSC-A, Robert D. Ballard, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute,Woods Hole, Massachusetts;
p 66(R), GSC-A, © IMAX Corporation/Undersea Imaging International & TMP (1991) I Limited Partnership, Toronto, Ontario;
p 11, PANS N-9,189; from Halifax the Garrison City, circa 1901, W.G. MacFarlane, publisher, Toronto, Ontario;
p 34(B), PANS N-716, Ships, 1912, Location 51.2, the PANS annotation suggests that the photograph may have been taken by William J. Parker, the carpenter onboard Minia, but the author believes that the camera was owned by one of the officers.; The PANS annotation suggests that this is an "unidentified ship's whaler" but on the original the name Minia can be read on the port gunnel below the helmsman.; This photo was misidentified as a Mackay-Bennett photo in Eaton and Haas (1983);
p 35, PANS N-715, Ships, 1912, Location 51.2, not by William J. Parker as suggested in the PANS annotation, but probably by the same officer as above, onboard Minia, not Mackay-Bennett as cited in earlier publications;
p 55, PANS N-5,159; the disfigured bottom part of the image has been cropped;
p 6, UFTM; Harland & Wolff Collection, Neg. No. H1561A, May 1911, just before launch, Robert J. Welsh;
p 9(T), UFTM; Courtney No. 8, April 10, 1912 (Date given in book is incorrect.) R.C.W. Courtney in Southamption;
p 14(T) UFTM; Harland & Wolff Collection, Neg. H1546, Olympic, May 1911, Robert J. Welsh
p 15(T), UFTM; Harland & Wolff Collection, Neg. H1602, May 1911, Robert J. Welsh;
p 21(R), Claes-Göran Wetterholm Archive, Stockholm, via Gerd and Hjördis Ohlsson, granddaughters of Mauritz Ådahl; photo by Sjöhistoriska Museet, Stockholm;
p 52, Claes-Göran Wetterholm Archive, Stockholm;
p 54, Claes-Göran Wetterholm Archive, Stockholm;
p 16(T), Newfoundland Museum, St. John's, Newfoundland, Allan Clarke;
p 20, Newfoundland Museum, St. John's, Newfoundland, Rose Smart;
cover(R) and p. 59, late 1911 photo in England from the Alan Hustak Collection, Montréal, Québec. Courtesy of Mrs. Beatrice Lacon, West Vancouver, British Columbia;
p 8, Illustrated London News, April 20, 1912, p 587, Courtesy of Ken Marschall, Redondo Beach, California;
p 12, U.S. Library of Congress US Z62-26,812;
p 45, Dalhousie University Archives, Halifax, Thomas Raddall Collection, Photo Group FG-2-20, No. 1,150;
p 49(C), Peter Douglass, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia: Russ Lownds Collection, photo by Brewster, Nov. 6, 1912.
cover(BL), MMA M1998.6.1A, Gift of Molly Russell, Halifax;
cover(C), MMA exhibition prop, model by David Albiston;
p 5, MMA M81.228.1;
p 7, MMA Courtesy of Mark Boudreau, Port Hawkesbury, Nova Scotia;
p 13(CL), MMA M1998.13.1.W;
p 13(R), PANS RG41, Vol. 76A, No. 14, third proof, found on steward Herbert Cave, first-class saloon steward, No. 27, Body 218;
p 14(BR), PANS AG 32.01;
p 15(CR), Courtesy of Margaret F. Haley Collection, Halifax;
p 15(BL), PANS AG 32.02;
p 16(T), Courtesy of Peter St. Croix, St. Mary's, Newfoundland;
p 16(C), PANS AG 32.02;
p 17(R), Maritime History Archives, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland, portion of Map E.007, collected by Prof. Keith Matthews;
p 20, Newfoundland Museum, St. John's, Newfoundland, 997.3, pre-1935 accession;
p 21(L), History Collection, Nova Scotia Museum of Natural History, Halifax, Z3025a;
p 21(R), Gerd and Hjördis Ohlsson Collection, Sweden;
p 22(B), Parks Canada CE.36.60.34, J.S. Horton, Fort Beauséjour Collection, Aulac, New Brunswick;
p 23, MMA M1998.6.1A & B, Gift of Molly Russell;
p 24, Titanic Historical Society, Inc. Collection, Marine Museum of Fall River, Inc., Fall River, Massachusetts;
p 28(TL), Parks Canada CE.36.60.35, J.S. Horton, Fort Beauséjour Collection, Aulac, New Brunswick;
p 28(C), MMA M67.61.1;
p 29(B), MMA Courtesy of the children of the late Arthur and Edna Sharpe, daughter of George P. Snow;
p 32, Dartmouth Heritage Museum, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, uncatalogued;
p 33, MMA M80.86.1;
p 34(CL), PANS AG 32.04;
p 34(T), MMA Courtesy of Peter Douglass;
p 34(TR), MMA M82.21.2;
p 34(CR), MMA M85.98.2;
p 41(CL), Parks Canada CE.36.60.35, J.S. Horton, Fort Beauséjour Collection, Aulac, New Brunswick;
p 41(CR), MMA M1998.7.1;
p 42, SHP;
p 48(CR), Catholic Cemeteries Commission, Sackville, Nova Scotia;
p 49(BL), MMA M97.20.1;
p 56(B), Dartmouth Heritage Museum, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, uncatalogued, Wright's ... Directory and Gazette including Canada ... South Africa 1899-1900;
p 62, MMA exhibition prop, Model by David Albiston;
p 63, MMA Courtesy of Mark Boudreau, Port Hawkesbury, Nova Scotia;
p 65(BL), MMA Courtesy of Steve Blasco, GSC-A, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia;
p 67(BR), Nova Scotia Department of Economic Development & Tourism;
p 68(TL), MMA M97.31.1;
back cover(TL), MMA M1998.7.1;
back cover(BR), MMA M81.228.1.
Maritime Museum of the Atlantic Titanic Research Page
finalized June 7, 1999; rechecked June 15, 1999
further revised June 29, 1999
book published July 28, 1999
edited for html by Dan Conlin August 19, 1999, reformated by K. Kaulbach October 4, 1999
further corrections supplied by author, October 14, 1999, April 18, 2000, December 12, 2000
Uploaded into new web format – August 3, 2012