Representatives of this group of spore-bearing (non-flowering) herbaceous vascular plants may be found in association with most terrestrial and freshwater shoreline habitats. Most are conspicuous components of the vegetation; a few are small and obscure. Several species are restricted to specific habitats and are rare or only locally abundant. There are approximately 44 species of ferns and 23 fern allies (Quillworts, horsetails and club mosses - spore-bearing vascular plants which lack typical fern structure). True ferns play a significant role in many of the plant communities found in the province. A variety of ferns dominate the ground vegetation cover under hardwood throughout the province.
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T10.4 Plant Communities in Nova Scotia
T10.12 Rare and Endangered Plants
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